The Global Sinter Plant Market is expected to grow by $929.34 mn during 2022-2026, accelerating at a CAGR of 9.36% during the forecast period



Global Sinter Plant Market 2022-2026 The analyst has been monitoring the sinter plant market and it is poised to grow by $929.34 mn during 2022-2026, accelerating at a CAGR of 9.

New York, Aug. 08, 2022 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — announces the release of the report “Global Sinter Plant Market 2022-2026” –
36% during the forecast period. Our report on the sinter plant market provides a holistic analysis, market size and forecast, trends, growth drivers, and challenges, as well as vendor analysis covering around 25 vendors.
The report offers an up-to-date analysis of the current global market scenario, the latest trends and drivers, and the overall market environment. The market is driven by improvements in sinter technology, a large share of the BF-BOF method in global steel output and new capacity additions, and an increasing focus on improving the environmental footprint.
The sinter plant market analysis includes product segment and geographic landscape.

The sinter plant market is segmented as below:
By Product
• MHMG system
• sinter machine
• WGR system
• SCS system

By Geographical Landscape
• North America
• Europe
• The Middle East and Africa
• South America

This study identifies the improving power supply infrastructure as one of the main reasons driving the sinter plant market growth during the next few years. Also, improving the share of coastal areas in global steel production and increasing demand for long steel will lead to sizable demand in the market.

The analyst presents a detailed picture of the market by way of study, synthesis, and summation of data from multiple sources by an analysis of key parameters. Our report on the sinter plant market covers the following areas:
• Sinter plant market sizing
• Sinter plant market forecast
• Sinter plant market industry analysis

This robust vendor analysis is designed to help clients improve their market position, and in line with this, this report provides a detailed analysis of several leading sinter plant market vendors that include China Metallurgical Engineering and Project Corp, CTCI Corp., General Electric Co. , Gillanders Arbuthnot, and Co. Ltd., IMASA INGENIERIA Y PROYECTOS SA, Kanikavan Shargh Engineering Co., Larsen and Toubro Ltd., McNally Bharat Engineering Co. Ltd., MECON Ltd., Metallurgical Corp. of China Ltd., Metso Outotec Corp., Nippon Steel Corp., Perantech GmbH, Primetals Technologies Ltd., Qinhuangdao Qinye Heavy Industry Co. Ltd., Shandong Province Metallurgical Engineering Co. Ltd., Siemens AG, Simplex Engineering and Foundry Works Pvt. Ltd., and Sinosteel Corp. Also, the sinter plant market analysis report includes information on upcoming trends and challenges that will influence market growth. This is to help companies strategize and leverage all future growth opportunities.
The study was conducted using an objective combination of primary and secondary information including inputs from key participants in the industry. The report contains a comprehensive market and vendor landscape in addition to an analysis of the key vendors.

The analyst presents a detailed picture of the market by way of study, synthesis, and summation of data from multiple sources by an analysis of key parameters such as profit, pricing, competition, and promotions. It presents various market facets by identifying the key industry influencers. The data presented is comprehensive, reliable, and a result of extensive research – both primary and secondary. Technavio’s market research reports provide a complete competitive landscape and an in-depth vendor selection methodology and analysis using qualitative and quantitative research to forecast accurate market growth.
Read the full report:

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Men have greater cancer risk because of biology NOT because they drink and smoke more, study claims

Men drink and smoke more than women — but that is not the reason they have a higher cancer risk.

A major study suggests biological differences are the real reason behind the disparity between sexes.

Understanding these differences could help to improve prevention and treatment, researchers say.

The study looked at 300,000 middle-aged and older Americans who did not have cancer over 15 years.

Men were more than twice as likely to develop the disease compared to women — even when lifestyle factors were ruled out.

‘This suggests that there are intrinsic biological differences between men and women that affect susceptibility to cancer,’ said lead researcher Dr. Sarah Jackson, an epidemiologist at the National Cancer Institute.

Researchers suggested differences in genes, hormones and the immune system all play a role.

Scientists have thought men’s propensity to enjoy a few more drinks and take more smoke breaks than women was why they had higher rates of cancer in general. But now a major study of 300,000 Americans by the National Cancer Institute suggests biology makes men more vulnerable to cancer, not bad health habits



For most people, increasing age is the biggest risk factor for developing cancer. In general, people over 65 have the greatest risk of developing cancer. People under 50 have a much lower risk.


Cancer is very common and most people have relatives who have had cancer. People often worry that a history of cancer in their family greatly increases their risk of developing it. But fewer than 1 in 10 cancers are associated with a strong family history of cancer.


In the UK, more than 1 in 4 cancer deaths (over 25 percent) are caused by smoking.

Breathing in other people’s smoke (passive smoking) also increases your risk of developing cancer.


Drinking alcohol increases your risk of mouth and throat cancers. But it is also linked to other cancers.

In general, the more you drink, the higher your risk. Your risk is even higher if you also smoke.


Being overweight increases the risk of many types of cancer, including cancers of the bowel, kidney, womb and gullet (oesophagus). Women who are overweight and have been through the menopause also have a higher risk of breast cancer.

Keeping a healthy body weight reduces your risk of cancer and other health problems, such as heart disease and diabetes.

Some 182,000 women are diagnosed with cancer in the UK every year, rising to 193,000 among men.

In the US, 970,000 men and 928,000 women have cancer confirmed annually.

Researchers from the NCI examined the rates of 21 types of cancer in 171,274 men and 122,826 women.

Participants were aged 50 to 71 and their records were monitored between 1995 and 2011.

The findings, published in the journal CANCERshow 17,951 cancers were detected among men, while just 8,742 were diagnosed among women.

Rates of thyroid and gallbladder cancer were higher among women, but the prevalence of all other cancers were higher among men.

They did not look at cancers that are sex-specific – like womb cancer or prostate cancer.

Men were 11-times more likely to develop oesophageal cancer and four times more at risk of stomach or throat cancer.

They also had a three times greater chance of being diagnosed with bladder cancer.

Further analysis found men were still more likely to develop cancer overall when other risk factors like smoking, alcohol intake and exposure to carcinogens were accounted for.

Scientists have previously pointed to higher rates of smoking, alcohol consumption and exposure to chemicals like asbestos in factories.

They also said men may be less likely to seek medical advice.

The team suggested the male sex hormone testosterone may increase the likelihood of skin, prostate and liver cancer among men by promoting cell growth.

Meanwhile, they said women appear to mount a stronger immune response against oncogenic infections — those which can cause cancer, such as hepatitis and HPV — which could lower their risk of some cancers in comparison to men.

And research suggests women have an extra copy of genes that protect against cancer compared to men, which could offer them further protection.

Study leader Dr. Sarah Jackson, an epidemiologist at the National Cancer Institute, said: ‘Our results show that there are differences in cancer incidence that are not explained by environmental exposures alone.’

It comes as scientists today called for the NHS to offer all cancer patients genetic profiling to determine which drugs will be most effective against their tumor.

Biomarker tests should be offered to Britons as soon as they are diagnosed to shape their care and track how their illness evolves, according to a consensus statement from the Institute of Cancer Research (ICR) and nine other organizations.

The tests look for genetic, protein or imaging ‘markers’ that identify weaknesses in cancers and can match patients to the treatment they are most likely to respond to.

It is ‘crucial’ that medics can use these tests but ‘regulatory processes and resources have not kept pace with the science’ so they are not always carried out.

Cancer Research UK, the Association of the British Pharmaceutical Industry, AstraZeneca and Leukemia UK also signed the statement.

The group called for genetic profiling at diagnosis and at regular intervals to become ‘standard’ within the NHS so patients receive personalized treatment.

Biomarker tests should be developed alongside cancer drugs and regulations should be reformed so they are much easier to assess and approve for use, they said.

Professor Kristian Helin, chief executive of the ICR said: ‘We believe every cancer patient should have the opportunity for their cancer to be molecularly profiled to assess biomarkers that can give vital clues about how their disease should best be treated.

‘Biomarker tests can direct treatment precisely to the patients who will benefit most, which can both improve the lives of patients and increase the cost-effectiveness of treatment for the NHS.

‘It’s essential that the regulations that govern clinical trials and the approval of new tests and treatments keep pace with the rapidly moving science.

‘At the moment, it can be hard to get new biomarker tests developed, approved and made available for patients. That can in turn act as a disincentive for companies and academics to develop new biomarkers to guide treatment in the future.’


At least 68 migrants arrived in NYC on buses sent by Texas Gov. Abbott over the weekend


New York Mayor Eric Adams has claimed that some migrants are being “forced” on buses from Texas, as 14 more asylum seekers arrived in the city Sunday on another bus sent by Texas Gov. Greg Abbott.

Fifty-four asylum seekers arrived in New York Friday onboard a bus from Texas, according to the Mayor’s Office of Immigrant Affairs.

Abbott’s office indicated that New York is now a designated “drop-off location for the busing strategy as part of the governor’s response to the Biden administration’s open border policies overwhelming Texas communities,” according to a statement released Friday announcing the arrival of the first bus.

“It’s unimaginable, what the governor in Texas has done,” Adams told reporters Sunday. “When you think about this country, a country that has always been open to those who were fleeing persecution and other intolerable conditions, we’ve always welcomed that. And this governor is not doing that in Texas, but we are going to set the right message, the right tone, of being here for these families.”

A fierce critic of the Biden administration’s immigration policies, Abbott began sending hundreds of willing migrants on buses to Washington, DC, earlier this year as an affront to the administration. Abbott’s office has said that “to board a bus or flight, a migrant must volunteer to be transported and show documentation from DHS.”

More than 5,100 migrants have arrived in Washington from Texas on more than 135 buses, according to the governor’s office.

“In addition to Washington, DC, New York City is the ideal destination for these migrants, who can receive the abundance of city services and housing that Mayor Eric Adams has boasted about within the sanctuary city,” Abbott said Friday.

Manuel Castro, commissioner of the mayor’s immigrant affairs office, told CNN New York is a right-to-shelter city, so anyone who needs shelter may receive it. However, the city has “exhausted” its regular shelter space, so it has leased additional space at hotels, he said.

“These are families, these are people,” Castro said. “They have a right to be here as asylum-seekers and New York is here to welcome them. They frankly need a lot of support. They’ve traveled a long way to get here.”

Around 40 people were expected to arrive Sunday, Adams said, adding that it is not known if others got off the bus before it arrived in New York.

Some of the migrants who arrived Sunday told the mayor they had relatives in other cities and did not plan to come to New York.

Some families “wanted to go to other locations and they were not allowed to do so,” Adams said Sunday. “They were forced on the bus with the understanding that they were going to other locations that they wanted to go to, and when they tried to explain, they were not allowed to do so.”

Families whose desired destination was not New York said it took three days to get to the city from Texas, according to Castro, who also met with them, noting many “were hungry and thirsty, with small children.”

Adams issued an emergency declaration last week to “rapidly procure shelter and other services” for people seeking asylum in the city. Those who want to stay in New York will go to shelters, and volunteer groups will be helping “those who want to go somewhere else” to travel to another location, the mayor said.

New York Taxi Workers Alliance executive director Bhairavi Desai told CNN they had 19 yellow cabs and Uber cars ready to voluntarily transport refugees arriving from Texas from the bus stop to shelters or to homes of friends or family in the area Sunday morning.

“Everyone we saw looked exhausted by the journey. Many people looked relieved to finally reach safety but there were also people crying from the trauma,” Desai said.

“It’s wrong, and in our melting pot city, it won’t work,” Desai added. “We wanted to do our part to let new neighbors know that they’re welcome here, and in NYC there are people who will help.”

Around 4,000 asylum seekers have entered the New York City shelter system since late May, according to Adams, who said the influx is the primary driver of around a 10% increase in the city’s Department of Homeless Services’ census. New York’s shelter system is currently receiving more than 100 asylum seekers looking for some form of housing per day, on average, according to the homeless service’s department.

CNN has asked the mayor’s office for the total number of migrants the city is processing from Texas.

Generally, once migrants are processed by federal authorities and released from custody, they are allowed to move throughout the country while they go through immigration court proceedings. They are often released in Texas and other border states, and then continue on journeys to other parts of the country.

An immigration judge will ultimately decide if they are allowed to remain in the US or be deported.


Why the RB3 competition is one of the 49ers’ most intriguing roster battles

The identity of the top running back on the 49ers’ roster for this season has never really been in question. However, the fight to determine the pecking order of Elijah Mitchell’s backups is one of the most compelling position battles taking place in training camp.

Any doubts over Mitchell’s status as RB1 should have been dispelled Friday when he took off for an 85-yard touchdown run during a move-the-ball period of practice.

Last year’s sixth-round pick is highly likely to be the lead tailback come Week 1, with RB Jeff Wilson Jr. having the edge to be his primary backup given his history of excelling when he has avoided injury.

Behind that pair, though, there is seemingly a three-way fight for the RB3 spot. While competitions for the third running back role are rarely viewed as overly important in a league dominated by the pass game, the brewing duel between Tyrion Davis-Price, Jordan Mason and Trey Sermon is one worthy of extremely close attention.

The 49ers ran the ball on 49 percent of their offensive snaps last season, according to that Sharp Football Analysistied for the second-highest rate in the NFL and well above the league average of 42 percent.

It isn’t breaking news that the Kyle Shanahan-led Niners are heavily reliant on the run game, and it’s also no secret that they have struggled to keep their running backs on the field.

Running back is not a position that lends itself to durability and the 49ers saw both Mitchell and self-titled ‘wide back’ Deebo Samuel miss time due to injury last season.

Simply put, the Niners need strong depth in the backfield to help them keep Mitchell and Samuel – their most important offensive player last season – fresh and maximize their chances of being healthy for the entirety of what San Francisco hopes will be another deep playoff run.

The 49ers’ approach to achieving that aim has been to invest in a pair of rookies, Davis-Price and Mason, who have the frame to absorb the kind of punishment that wide receiver Samuel arguably took too regularly in his All-Pro season last year .

Third-round pick Davis-Price is a physically imposing downhill runner who is listed at 6-foot-1 and 219 pounds. He possesses impressive contact balance and power that should be a significant boost to a team that struggled mightily in short-yardage situations last year. Additionally, he has the decisiveness and burst that are key to backs succeeding in a scheme built around inside and outside zone runs.

Davis-Price has struggled at times during camp but has progressed to a point that saw him earn first-team reps on Saturday. Mason, an undrafted free agent, at 5-11 and 223 pounds is of a very similar mold. He’s earned praise for his physicality, speed and power.

Mason has seemingly put himself in a strong position to make the roster. However, Sermon’s strong camp may complicate his path to a place on the 53-man group.

Last year’s third-round pick spent his rookie season predominantly in the Shanahan doghouse, but has returned for his sophomore year with extra weight added and a better feel for when to attack open running lanes.

“Trey sees it [the holes] good. And it’s just about hitting it without any hesitation,” Shanahan said on Friday. “Those holes in the NFL close a lot faster than they do in college. And I think that was something Trey learned the hard way his first year. And he’s got the film, he’s got the experiences that happened and you want to see how he is the first day you put pads on and we didn’t have to remind him, which was cool.

“That means he learned a lot from last year and he’s been thinking about it all offseason. He’s built his body to handle it. And most importantly you can tell his mindset is there and we’ve seen it in practice. And can’t wait to see it in these games coming up.”

With added mass and a more decisive playing style, Sermon may perhaps be the frontrunner in this competition as a back with a well-rounded skill set featuring elusiveness in the open field and pass protection upside.

The 49ers require backfield depth to protect a starting running back who played through broken ribs last season and an ultra-versatile offensive weapon to whom they just committed $71.5 million. On top of that, they need added thump to improve their success rate on short-yardage runs. The Niners ranked 29th in success rate on runs of three yards or fewer on third and fourth down last year, per Sharp Football.

Although the Niners’ running back room is famously difficult to judge, the back who wins this competition can expect to be called upon to help change their fortunes in such situations.

Shanahan has consistently drafted backs high during his 49ers tenure with little success while finding several UDFA gems at the position. The fact that this battle pits two third-rounders against another UDFA in Mason adds another layer of intrigue to the competition.

While it is the dual-threat skill set of quarterback Trey Lance is the X-factor that could take a consistently productive run game to new heights, this fight between three backs working under a much dimmer spotlight will also have a significant say in determining how brightly and likely even more diverse run game shines in 2022.

Story originally appeared on Niners Wire

Digimon Survive review: two genres, one pretty good package

Digimon Survive

MSRP $59.99

“Digimon Survive mixes tactical roleplaying action with visual novels to varying results.”


  • Interesting story

  • Enjoyable characters

  • Plenty of replay value


  • Lackluster exploration

  • Lack of difficulty

What do you get when you mix Stranger Things, Shin Megami Tensei, and classic Digimon? Hyde and Bandai Namco’s Digimon Survive is here to answer the question. While playing through this dark and unique entry in the Digimon game pantheon, I went through flurries of excitement, sadness, and frustration. The extent to which you’ll experience those emotions may vary depending on whether you’re interested in and ready to play through a visual novel and strategy game hybrid that often slacks on the tactical front.

Digimon Survive tries to provide players with an excellent story and intense tactical RPG gameplay. While it succeeds as a narrative experience, those familiar with strategy games will find the game a bit lacking. To get the most out of Digimon Surviveplayers should focus on storytelling, know when to change their difficulty settings, and be ready to learn the rules of Digimon.

A new type of digital monster

While many gamers are familiar with the extensive storytelling present in JRPGs, Japanese visual novels take things a step further as they require players to read through every line of dialogue to respond appropriately to each pivotal situation and conversation. While you might not guess it at first glance, visual novel-style gameplay is a big part of Digimon Survive. Players will have to make their way through many intricately written conversations that potentially lead to different endings, permanent character deaths, and different transformations for the Digimon partner Agumon.

“Series fans will find an exceptionally competent story worthy of the Digimon name.”

You play as Takuma, the soon-to-be leader of a group of students transported into a world of monsters called Kemonogami, which we know as Digimon. This new take on the Digimon mythos opens the door for classic Digimon to be scarier than ever and sometimes gives the series a horror-like tone Digimon games never ventured into before.

Digimon Survive‘s visual novel side had me on the edge of my seat throughout. Its entire narrative is full of discoveries and exciting moments amplified by the game’s great score and art. The character writing is a particular highlight as the theme of “children being forced to grow up” is inherently engaging. Any character deaths I caused hit me very hard, so much so that I actually had to stop playing for a moment after one of the most shocking deaths I encountered.

The character, Aoi and various dialogue options.

Like the Persona series, Digimon Survive has lots of moments where players can personally interact with and grow their relationships with certain characters. For some characters, the number of interactions players have with them determines whether they live or die and how much synergy players have with their Digimon in battle. I spent a lot of time falling in love with these characters, and a hole opened in my heart whenever they met a dark fate.

The weakest link of the visual novel part of Digimon Survive is Exploration. In these segments, players go to different locations and click around a static environment to find items and get more context about the game’s characters and world. Exploration doesn’t have the charm or intrigue of the rest of Digimon Surviveso I avoided the exploration unless it was necessary.

Those coming to Digimon Survive for the tactical RPG experience may not care for these lengthy visual novel segments. However, these parts of Digimon Survive were the highlight of the game for me, and series fans will find an exceptionally competent story worthy of the Digimon name.

Digi Megami Tensei

If you’ve played through any of the Shin Megami Tensei: Devil Survivor titles, then you have a good idea of ​​what you’re getting into with the strategic gameplay of Digimon Survive. Battles take place on a large board where players must complete an objective, which usually ends up being to clear out the enemy team. The fun of Digimon Survive’s battles come through the various ways you can carry this out.

Digimon Survive battleground full of monsters and Tyranomon.

Digimon Survive‘s battle mechanics are very enjoyable when the game actually gets difficult enough for players to engage with them. Positioning is key, and that will get forced into your mind as you play through the game’s many battles. Not only do monsters constantly have passive perks and usable skills to fight with each turn, but each turn ends with players deciding what direction they want their monster to look in.

“It doesn’t feel like it Digimon Survive is engaging enough for fans of its battle mechanics in terms of length or enjoyment.”

A monster’s weak points are on their sides and back, so I’d typically end a turn with my back to the wall or back-to-back with an ally to avoid taking maximum damage. This also applies to enemies, so the times when I got an ally to boost my movement points so I could attack from behind resulted in gruesome damage.

The battle system is another area where the game feels a lot like classic Digimon. Not only are there elemental weaknesses and strengths like in the Pokémon series, but the Digimon triangle returns here: Data types beat Vaccine types, Vaccine types beat Virus types, and Virus types beat Data types. Digmon can also evolve and possibly change types and skillsets on the fly at the cost of SP, so there should be a great number of strategies for players to use in battle.

Digimon Survive's monster persuasion system

During battle, players can talk to opposing Digimon, and by answering questions to their liking, they may join you or give you items. Unlike Shin Megami Tensei V although these answers don’t make the Digimon feel more alive. In fact, some answers are shared between monsters. While I enjoyed the first time I talked to a monster, these mechanics had diminishing returns with each new encounter. This is just the beginning of the battle’s problems, though.

There is a lot of visual novel and tactical RPG content packed into Digimon Survive, but the pacing and lack of difficulty make the battles tiring, even for tactical RPG fans like myself. Digimon Survive is about 60 percent visual novel and 40 percent strategy game battles, and many of these battles were mindless in the game’s beginning hours.

For the first eight chapters of Digimon Survive on Normal difficulty, I could just turn off my brain and constantly be on the offensive without ever being in any real danger. This led to short battles that didn’t feel engaging or substantial at all between the visual novel sequences. As a result, it doesn’t feel like it Digimon Survive is engaging enough for fans of its battle mechanics in terms of length or enjoyment. For the best experience, play on hard difficulty until chapter 8 and then switch back to Normal difficulty for the rest of the game.

Our take

Digimon Survive is a unique yet fun new formula for the Digimon series, but it’s easy to see the seams in its two-genre juggling act. While it has those rough spots, they aren’t enough to overshadow the positives the game presents to TRPG, visual novel, and Digimon fans alike. If the game gets a more polished sequel, I can see it becoming as great as I’d hoped this would be after all the delays it faced. As of now, Digimon Survive doesn’t seem like it will be much more than a cult classic.

How long will it last?

Depending on your completion rate and how much you explore, Digimon Survive will last about 30 to 40 hours. However, players can go for a Complete Survival rating, which means they saved all their partners on a second playthrough. Considering that and the game’s three endings, the game can easily last upwards of 80+ hours.

Are there any alternatives?

While the market isn’t full of TRPG visual novel hybrids like this, there are games like Shin Megami Tensei: Devil Survivor and Sakura Wars series that do this formula better than Digimon Survive. That said, Digimon Survive‘s lack of difficulty also means it serves as an excellent entry point for this genre hybrid, so check those other series out if you enjoy this.

Should you buy it?

Digimon Survive is a game that isn’t just for Digimon fans. It has a great story and hints of brilliance in the gameplay, but each person’s mileage may vary with this one. It may be best to wait for a price drop before picking up Digimon Survive if you’re on the fence.

Digital Trends reviewed Digimon Survive on an Xbox Series S.

Editors’ Recommendations

How a 4-day workweek could benefit the environment


Reducing the workweek to four days could have a climate benefit, advocates say. In addition to improving the well-being of workersthey say slashing working hours may reduce carbon emissions.

It’s what you might call a “potential triple-dividend policy, so something that can benefit the economy, society and also the environment,” said Joe O’Connor, chief executive of the nonprofit group 4 Day Week Global. “There are not many policy interventions that are available to us that could potentially have the kind of transformative impact that reduced work time could have.”

Over the years, studies have documented the link between fewer working hours and lower emissions — reductions that experts explain may be the result of changes to commuting, energy use and lifestyle habits. An analysis of data looking at more than two dozen countries from 1970 to 2007 predicted that if working hours were reduced by 10 percent, there could be drops in ecological footprint, carbon footprint and carbon dioxide emissions by 12.1 percent, 14.6 percent and 4.2 percent, respectively.

“The one thing we do know from lots of years of data and various papers and so forth is that the countries with short hours of work tend to be the ones with low emissions, and work time reductions tend to be associated with emission reduction,” said Juliet Schoran economist and sociologist at Boston College who researches work, consumption and climate change.

For instance, reducing working hours could affect people’s lives outside of work, said Mark Weisbrot, co-director of the Center for Economic and Policy Research. He suggested this kind of change could lead people towards more environmentally friendly habits. “They become used to a different lifestyle that’s a lower consumption lifestyle because they have more time.”

But those benefits would depend on a number of factors, experts emphasize, including how people choose to spend non-working time. It’s also critical, they said, to remember that reducing working hours is just one strategy to combat climate change.

“There’s no one arguing that the four-day workweek is a silver bullet that will address all of our environmental concerns in one go — far from it,” O’Connor said. “But can it be a very powerful enabler and a very powerful contributor? I think absolutely it can.”

Nobody wants to be in the office on Fridays

Transportation is the biggest contributor to greenhouse emissions, Schor said, “and commuting is a big part of that.”

In 2020, the transportation sector accounted for about 27 percent of total US greenhouse gas emissions, according to the Environmental Protection Agency.

The potential benefits of cutting down on commuting and travel were perhaps most noticeable during the early months of the coronavirus pandemic. When widespread stay-at-home orders were in place, the emissions from driving, flying and industrial output were dramatically reduced. Air quality in cities around the world showed marked improvement, while global emissions plummeted.

Global emissions plunged an unprecedented 17 percent during the coronavirus pandemic

Largely fueled by the pandemic, a widespread adoption of remote and hybrid work models may mean many are already commuting less even if they work five days a week, O’Connor said — but officially adopting a four-day workweek could benefit industries that are still largely in-person.

A November 2021 survey of 2,000 employees and 500 business leaders in the United Kingdom found that if all organizations introduced a four-day week, the reduced trips to work would decrease travel overall by more than 691 million miles a week.

But the climate benefits of less commuting could be negated, experts said, if people choose to spend their extra time off traveling, particularly if they do so by car or plane.

Schor said it’s important for people to ask themselves: “What are they going to be doing on the fifth day, and what is the energy use associated with that, and how does it compare to what they would have been doing?”

Shorter working hours could lead to reductions in energy usage, experts said.

According to a 2006 paper, if the United States adopted European work standards, the country would consume about 20 percent less energy. And if Europeans gave up those shorter workweeks, the authors wrote they would “consume some additional 25 percent more energy.”

“There’s a definite relationship between production, consumption and carbon emissions,” said Weisbrot, who co-wrote the 2006 paper.

Energy could also be conserved if less resources are needed to heat and cool large office buildings, Schor said, reducing demands on electricity.

When the Utah state government launched a four-day workweek trial among its employees in 2008, one report projected that shutting down buildings on Fridays would lead to a decrease of at least 6,000 metric tons of carbon dioxide emissions annually, Scientific American reported.

Any potential energy-saving gains, however, hinge on how companies and individuals use resources, Schor said.

For example, if an entire workplace shuts down on the fifth day, that would help lower consumption — less so if the office stays open to accommodate employees taking different days off. Energy consumption could also increase overall if people spend their day off at home or elsewhere doing activities that would use more resources than if they were at work.

It’s possible that fewer working hours may lead some people to have a larger carbon footprint, but experts say research suggests that most people are likely to shift towards more sustainable lifestyles.

“The majority view coalesces around the idea that intense working often leads to intense living,” O’Connor said. “By offering people additional time back, you’re enabling people to have more time to make sustainable life choices.”

One theory, Schor said, is that people who work more and have less free time tend to do things in more carbon-intensive ways, such as choosing faster modes of transportation or buying prepared foods. “Convenience is often carbon-intensive and people opt for convenience when they’re time-stressed.”

Meanwhile, some research suggestions that those who work less may be more likely to engage in traditionally low-carbon activities, such as spending time with family or sleeping.

“When we talk about the four-day workweek and the environment, we focus on the tangible, but actually, in a way, the biggest potential benefit here is in the intangible,” O’Connor said. “It’s in the shift away from a focus on hard work to a focus on smart work. It’s the cultural change in how we work and the impact that could have on how we live, and I think that’s the piece that’s really revolutionary.”

But moving to widely reduce working hours should not be done in isolation, he and other experts said.

“It doesn’t matter how many days you work if we’re still using fossil fuels,” Schor said.

Mental health problems have grown, but especially among tween girls


The American Academy of Pediatrics recently declared a national emergency in child and adolescent mental health, as rates of depression, anxiety, self-harm and suicidal thoughts skyrocketed during the pandemic. But youth mental health had been deteriorating for some time before the pandemic, as psychologists like me have been noticing for at least 10 years.

There is no shortage of possible causes: Overparenting, screens and social media, cutthroat academic and sports competition, political acrimony, social injustice, climate concerns, gun violence and virtual learning among others. What gets obscured when we lump all youths together, though, is that certain demographic groups are especially vulnerable to psychological problems and may disproportionately account for the overall trend.

In my practice and those of my colleagues, it is tween girls from ages about 10 to 14 who have struggled more than in the past. The belief has long been that middle school is the hardest period to get through, especially for girls, but a confluence of more recent societal and biological trends has led to a perfect storm for tween girls.

A recent study of 10- to 15-year-old British girls, for instance, found that behavioral difficulties and life dissatisfaction increased more among this group of girls than boys during the pandemic, compared to the pre-pandemic period. Another study, with Canadian and Australian girls, reported more anxiety and depression, relative to boys, during the same time.

‘A cry for help’: CDC warns of a steep decline in teen mental health

Further back, the US National Survey on Drug Use and Health found that the percentage of 12- to 17-year-old girls who experienced at least one major depressive episode in the past year rose from 12 percent to 25 percent between 2010 and 2020. For boys, the increase was from 5 to 9 percent during the same period.

And researchers at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention found that emergency room admissions for self-harm doubled for girls ages 10 to 14 between 2010 and 2014, while they remained mostly unchanged for other demographic groups.

Long-standing research shows that girls and boys do not initially differ much in their rates of anxiety and depression. But in the middle-school years, girls become much more depressed and somewhat more anxious, and these differences persist into adulthood. What happens during this critical period to make girls especially vulnerable?

“Puberty interacts with stress to make girls prone to depression, self-injury and other psychological problems” said Mitchell J. Prinstein, chief science officer of the American Psychological Association (APA) and the author of “Popular: Finding Happiness and Success in a World That Cares Too Much About the Wrong Kinds of Relationships.” “And the amount and variety of stress increases during tween years.”

The hormonal and neural changes of puberty occur just as stress related to appearance, family, school, social life and extracurriculars rises. During the middle-school years, research has found that girls generally start to care much more than boys about how they fit into the world and what their peers think of them. And that is an area in which they have only limited control.

“Girls’ brain areas involved in the sensitivity of social evaluation become more active during puberty,” said Jennifer S. Silk, professor of clinical and developmental psychology at the University of Pittsburgh. “And the more active this part of the brain is, the more at risk one is for depression, anxiety and even suicidality.”

At the same time, girls face the same pressure as boys that comes with more serious academics and, for example, sports demands in middle school. But research suggests that they often take to heart more the message that you must excel at everything. Between ages 12 and 13, the proportion of girls who said they were not allowed to fail increased from 18 to 45 percent.

“Tween girls work so hard at being perfect everywhere for everybody, that they inevitably fall short and are exhausted by the time they come home,” said Phyllis L. Fagell, clinical professional counselor, school counselor and the author of “Middle School Matters: The 10 Key Skills Kids Need to Thrive in Middle School and Beyond — and How Parents Can Help.” “Many would be surprised to hear how harshly they judge themselves and how self-critical their inner dialogue sounds.”

And girls often use less active coping strategies when dealing with difficulties. While boys engage more in distraction with, for example, physical activity and concrete problem-solving, past research has found that girls often dwell on the problems and on their negative emotions. This tendency to overthink and regurgitate negative content, either alone or with a friend, also surges with puberty.

Perfectionism, self-criticism and rumination are all, in turn, well-established risk factors for depression and related mental health issues.

Social shifts further hurt tween girls

Puberty has been starting earlier during the past three decades among girls; the trend for boys is much less pronounced. It’s not clear why this may be happening, but changes in nutrition, environmental toxins and stress have all been suggested. The pandemic seems to have accelerated the trend. Unfortunately, earlier onset of puberty has been linked with depression, anxiety, substance abuse and other psychological problems in girls.

Early puberty cases in girls have surged during covid, doctors say

The most frequently discussed contributor to the rise in youth mental health problems is technology use. Although overall research into this link has been inconclusive, some studies suggest that girls seem to be particularly negatively affected by social media.

After years of slow but steady increase in social media activity, tweens today use it 17 percent more than 2019. Unsurprisingly, girls are more engaged with social media, while boys play more video games. The problem is that the girls’ higher social media use affects them more strongly than boys. The more time they spend on Instagram, Snapchat, YouTube and TikTok, among others, the more they will probably experience depression, low self-esteem, poor body image, worse sleep and other mental health problems.

Meta knew its apps harm teens’ mental health, families allege

“In general, girls are more likely to engage in comparisons and to be affected by interpersonal feedback. And those tendencies predispose them to depression,” said Prinstein. “Now those processes are hugely amplified with social media.”

A JAMA Network study published this year, with 84,011 participants between ages 10 and 80, found that the relationship between social media use and life satisfaction is most negative among young adolescent girls, compared with any other demographic group. This finding suggests the tween years might be a critical period during which girls should stay off social media as much as possible.

Besides being potentially toxic on its own, long hours of social media use prevent girls from engaging in behaviors that promote well-being, such as in-person interaction with friends, sleeping and physical activity.

For example, eighth-graders who meet up with their friends “almost every day” fell from more than 50 percent in the 1990s to about a quarter in 2015 — and is likely less now.

“What started before the pandemic just got worse with the restrictions on socializing and in-person school and activities,” said Deborah Roth Ledley, a clinical psychologist in Philadelphia and co-author of “The Worry Workbook for Kids.” “I’ve seen it affect girls badly because they shifted their social world online completely.”

Parents should be aware that, with the onset of puberty, their girls may need more support than before. A good place to start is to examine the amount of stress their daughters are feeling and, if needed, help them reduce the pressure or the number of scheduled obligations.

“Our study of tween girls early in the pandemic showed that, somewhat surprisingly, many were feeling more free, had more time to sleep and relax,” Silk said. “We can see it as a pandemic silver lining but also as a wake-up call that our girls are too stressed.”

We can counter girls’ perfectionism and self-criticism with self-compassion.

“Make sure that you model self-compassion by how you treat yourself, because tweens are watching us even when we think they’re only peer-focused,” said Karen Bluth, an assistant professor in psychiatry at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and the author of the audiobook “Self-Compassion for Girls: A Guide for Parents, Teachers, and Coaches.” “And then help them question the validity of the self-critical voice by inquiring ‘Is that true all the time?’ ‘Is it really, really true?’ ‘Are you absolutely sure, without a doubt?’ “

When it comes to social media and the smartphones on which it is most often accessed, try your best to delay both until high school. “Give them a flip phone until they are 14 and always collect screens by 9 pm,” Prinstein said. Online organization Wait Until 8th can provide helpful tips.

To get your tweens onboard, make screen policies together by creating a family media plan. Then commit to it, implementing consequences if needed. Be sure to model healthy technology-related behaviors, such as having off-screen times and spaces, not sleeping with a phone and discussing what you see online.

Talk to your daughters about their values ​​and their goals in using social media.

“Appeal to their social justice beliefs, to not wanting to be manipulated by companies,” Fagell said. “And discuss empathy — thinking how their online involvement affects others. That will bolster their sense of agency and counter helplessness and hopelessness.”

Bluth suggested inviting tween girls to experiment with social media by varying the type of use (passive vs. active or interactive), the timing (first thing in the morning vs. later vs. late at night) and the duration, and checking how they feel afterwards.

“Ask them if they feel good, connected, having a sense of purpose versus bad about themselves, sad, worried, lonely,” she said.

Finally, always keep the lines of communication open. Be curious about girls’ lives, but don’t bombard them with questions and put pressure on them. Share your own middle-school hardships and mishaps. And more than anything, listen.

He turned his life around to care for his kids. Now, a family is reeling after a fatal shooting took his life.

Christopher K. Bugembe, 37, with two of his kids.

Christopher K. Bugembe, 37, with two of his kids.

Christopher Bugembe’s family loved him, but his reentry to society after a prison sentence in 2017 came with some anxiety.

His past legal issues put the family through a lot, and they knew he would need help getting back on his feet.

But his oldest daughter, Tavia Bugembe, just wanted her dad back.

At 13, she never lived with him before, but knew he was a good father. Just before his release, she told him something that probably helped turn his life around: she wanted to move from Memphis to Milwaukee to live with him.

Once he was released, Christopher Bugembe went right down to Memphis to get her and her siblings. From there on, his sisters and brother said, his priorities changed. There was a calm about him they hadn’t noticed before. He said he was tired of the lifestyle he lived previously. He matured.

“The focus completely shifted from the street to his kids,” his sister, Amber Hoon, said. “I was so excited to see where he was going with it.”

Christopher Bugembe, 37, who family members remembered as a silver-tongued goofball who took big swings for his six children, was killed in a north side shooting July 22 that also took the life of Valentino I. Stokes, 41.

It came during a visit to his hometown just a month after he moved with four of his kids and his partner to Dallas, where he hoped to escape the trappings of Milwaukee and start over.

“He and I were just starting to get close again the last couple of years,” his brother Zach Hoon said. “I thought I had more time to get closer, and this happens. I want my brother back.”

In the weeks since, the family has struggled to reconcile with the injustice of his death and society’s reaction to it.

Initial media reports of the shooting described Christopher Bugembe as a “37-year-old Wauwatosa man,” and the family has been unable to reach police for updates on the investigation – a common situation for families of homicide victims in Milwaukee.

It’s these kinds of things that make Christopher Bugembe’s family worry that he will become a nameless, faceless statistic, or another unsolved caseat a time of historic gun violence in Milwaukee.

“I feel like when these kinds of deaths happen, they’re just written off as like ‘Oh yeah, just another thug,'” his sister, Paulina Bugembe-Kuwahara said. “He was a whole person. He’s so charming and loving and loyal. He was a good dad. He was doing the best he could.”

Police have released almost no details about the shooting, which was reported at 12:45 am on the 5700 block of West Fond du Lac Avenue. The circumstances leading up to it are under investigation, and no arrests have been made, police said.

Anyone with information is asked to contact Milwaukee police at 414-935-7360, or to remain anonymous, contact Crime Stoppers at 414-224-Tips, or use the P3 Tips app. Crime Stoppers is offering up to $1,000 for information leading to an arrest.

Members of both victims’ families said they know little about how the shooting transpired, but they were not aware of Bugembe and Stokes knowing each other. Bugembe’s family believes he was targeted, and it appears Stokes was an innocent bystander who was out grabbing food with his cousins.

“He was a lovable, quiet, laid back, relaxed, fun person,” his mother, Donna Stokes, said in a brief interview with the Journal Sentinel.

Valentine I. Stokes, 41

Valentine I. Stokes, 41

Family described Christopher Bugembe as a huge basketball fan with a funny, quick wit, who thrived as a family man since his release from prison in 2017.

In Dallas, which he referred to as “Lucifer’s patio” for its heat, he found and rented his dream home – a house with an outdoor space, Bugembe-Kuwahara said. After learning how to barbeque from his siblings over video calls, he began grilling daily.

Tavia Bugembe, now 18, said her father was determined to help his kids build a life for themselves and encouraged them to pursue whatever interests they developed. He did not want them to have the same journey in life he had.

His sons want to play sports, so he drove them to and from practice, watched their games and played with them in between. Tavia Bugembe wants to be a beautician, so he helped her craft a plan to save money for school and rent a space to start seeing clients.

There was once a time when Christopher Bugembe’s family felt anxious about him in their lives. Now, they can’t imagine a life without him.

“He was the best dad ever,” Tavia Bugembe said. “We weren’t hungry. Everything we needed, he supported us.

“It’s going to be very hard to get used to him not being here,” Tavia Bugembe said.

Contact Elliot Hughes at or 414-704-8958. Follow him on Twitter @elliothughes12.

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This article originally appeared on the Milwaukee Journal Sentinel: Christopher Bugembe turned his life around before fatal shooting

Tim Benz: 1st Pirates Hall of Fame class has an important inclusion, a glaring omission and a contentious debate

Looking at the list of inaugural Pittsburgh Pirates Hall of Fame inductees, my immediate thought was that the decision makers involved got one important name right, one omission glaringly wrong, and there is one debate that could get harder to reconcile the longer the player in question stays out.

In all, the Pirates inducted 19 people into the franchise’s first Hall of Fame class. Not all were Pirates. Four men played in Pittsburgh with the city’s Negro League teams before Major League Baseball became integrated in the 1940s. They are Ray Brown and Buck Leonard of the Homestead Grays and Josh Gibson and Oscar Charleston, who played for the Grays and Pittsburgh Crawfords.

The next 12 men have all been inducted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame in Cooperstown, NY, as Pirates:

  • Honus Wagner
  • Paul Waner
  • Lloyd Waner
  • Fred Clarke
  • Jake Beckley
  • Max Carey
  • Pie Traynor
  • Roberto Clemente
  • Ralph Kiner
  • Arky Vaughan
  • Willie Stargell
  • Bill Mazeroski

According to a team press release, three more ex-Pirates who are not in Cooperstown — Dave Parker, Danny Murtaugh and Steve Blass — made the cut as “accomplished, successful and beloved former Pirates.”

Parker is getting enshrined. He’s already in the Cincinnati Reds Hall of Fame. It would’ve been a sin for the Pirates Hall of Fame to exist for one day without “The Cobra” in it.

Plus, Parker is 74 years old now. He’s battling Parkinson’s disease. After decades of being snubbed for enshrinement in Cooperstown by the Baseball Writers’ Association of America and the Modern Baseball Era Committee, he should at least be allowed to see himself inducted into the Pirates Hall of Fame after winning an MVP trophy (1978), three Gold Gloves (’77-’79), two batting titles (’77-’78), and a World Series ring (’79) with the franchise.

For some of those reasons, shortstop Dick Groat should’ve been on the inaugural list.

That includes all the National Baseball Hall of Famers at once made sense. To honor the Negro Leaguers was a nice touch. But if Parker, Murtaugh and Blass are going in as a separate category, why not include Groat in that batch with them?

I mean, why stop at 19 alumni? That’s weird. Why not 20? Four Negro League players got in on a special designation. Why not four on the “accomplished, successful and beloved” designation, too? Groat certainly qualifies as all those.

Like Parker, Groat won an MVP (1960) and a batting championship (’60). Like Murtaugh, Blass and Parker, Groat also has a World Series ring with the Pirates (’60). Furthermore, the team’s press release says, “The Club launched the Pittsburgh Pirates Hall of Fame to recognize former players and managers who have made a significant impact on the franchise, the game of baseball and the Pittsburgh community.”

A native of Swissvale, Groat checks those boxes. He’s going to get in. At 91 years old, why make him wait? Or make all of us wait to applaud him?

Then there is the Barry Bonds debate. As baseball’s all-time home run leader and a seven-time MVP (two with the Pirates), Bonds’ candidacy should be a no-brainer. But the cloud of steroid allegations against him and the acrimony he had with the team and the city ​​on his way out of Pittsburgh makes his inclusion dicey.

But if the Pirates think it should ever happen, they should do it sooner rather than later. Because every year that goes by without Bonds getting inducted, the more contentious the conversation will become. And Bonds may be less interested in publicly embracing the honor.

According to Pirates team historian Jim Trdinich, “the inaugural class was determined by an internal committee.” How many people and who they were is unclear.

“Many players were considered, including Dick Groat, Barry Bonds and others,” Trdinich said via email. “With more than 135 years of history to consider, even with a very large inaugural class, there are bound to be many names that are worthy but not yet nominated. Part of the excitement and enjoyment of establishing the Pirates Hall of Fame will be the ongoing debate of who should be included. It is a great way to educate future generations on the accomplishments of the past. We look forward to expanding upon the list of members in the years to come.”

In 2023, hopefully, Groat’s name will be the first on that list.

Tim Benz is a Tribune-Review staff writer. You can contact Tim at or via Twitter. All tweets could be reposted. All emails are subject to publication unless specified otherwise.

The Global Nucleic Acid Labeling Market is expected to grow by $689.47 mn during 2022-2026, accelerating at a CAGR of 7.58% during the forecast period



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